The principal source of information when listing a work should be the work itself. In the case of a monograph (book, pamphlet), the title page and overleaf are the sources of information, whereas for a work published in a series (periodical), the main source is the title page or, in the absence of a title page, the cover, the running title or the copyright page. In the case of a computerized document, information for the bibliographic entry is found on the sticker on the disk, diskette or packaging. For films and videotapes, the main sources of information are the credits and the packaging. If any bibliographic details are missing and cannot be found in the principal source of information, scan the document itself or check library records.
(a) Conference proceedings
Conference proceedings are identified by the title of the conference:
Give the speaker’s name, the title of the lecture in quotation marks, followed by a descriptive identifier (seminar, address, lecture, etc.), the sponsoring organization, the location and the date:
List a published dissertation in the same way as other books, but identify the work as a dissertation and mention the academic institution:
Leave the title of an unpublished dissertation in roman type and enclose it in quotation marks:
(d) Electronic documents
Documents stored on a CD-ROM, computer disk or database are generally listed by title. The citation must specify, in square brackets, the type of document being listed and include information needed to identify and retrieve the work:
For further information regarding the listing of electronic sources, refer to International Standard ISO 690-2 Information and Documentation—Bibliographic References—Electronic Documents or Parts Thereof.
(e) Film and videotape
Depending on the focus of your study, a film or videotape can be listed under its title or the name of the director, producer, screenwriter or principal actor. Whatever the first component of the bibliographic entry may be, specify the medium of the work in square brackets at the end of the entry:
(f) Musical recordings
Give the name of the composer, title of the recording (or works on the recording), artist’s name (where applicable), manufacturer, catalogue number (if known), year of issue, and any other pertinent information:
Bibliographic entries for published musical scores are similar to those for books.
Enter the name of the interviewee, the type of interview (personal, telephone, etc.), and the date:
(h) Radio and television programs
List the entry under the title of the program and include the network or local station, the city, the broadcast date, together with other pertinent information. Note that titles of television and radio shows are italicized and that segments and episodes are set off in quotation marks:
(i) Theatrical performances
In addition to the title of the play, the playwright, director and principal actor, give the name of the theatre, the city and the date of performance, along with any other pertinent information:
(j) Legislative documents
Acts, regulations and legal notices are published in federal and provincial government gazettes, which should be listed as follows:
Note that the title of the gazette is italicized and that the jurisdiction and legislative body need not be mentioned.
Adopt the following order for order papers and notices: name of government; name of department, agency or institution; title of document; legislature and session numbers; volume and issue numbers (if any); issue date; and publication data:
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Outils d'aide à la rédaction – The Canadian Style
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