TERMIUM Plus®

The Government of Canada’s terminology and linguistic data bank.

hectopascal [1 record]

Record 1 2003-10-31

English

Subject field(s)
  • Metrology and Units of Measure
  • Meteorology
  • Air Transport
DEF

hectopascal: Unit of pressure in the SI system, equal to 102 Pa.

CONT

Atmospheric pressure is measured in two units, hectopascals (hPa) and inches of mercury (Hg). The hectopascal is the international unit of measure for atmospheric pressure and inches of mercury are used in the U.S. for aviation purposes.

CONT

In the U.S., air pressure at the surface is reported in inches of mercury while air pressure aloft is reported in millibars, also known as hectopascals (hPa). Scientists, however, generally use pressures in hectopascals. In the rest of the world, measurements are usually given in hectopascals although you will sometimes see them in centimeters of mercury, especially on older barometers. The term "hectopascals" is replacing the term "millibars."

OBS

A millibar is 1000 dynes per square centimeter, or 100 pascal (Pa). Surface pressure averages around 1013 millibars.

OBS

[The] hectopascal ... is equivalent to one millibar in the CGS system.

OBS

hectopascal; hPa: term and abbreviation officially approved by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).

French

Domaine(s)
  • Unités de mesure et métrologie
  • Météorologie
  • Transport aérien
DEF

Unité de mesure de la pression atmosphérique (symb. : hPa), valant cent pascals (et équivalant au millibar).

CONT

L'unité légale de mesure de la pression, dans le système international, est le PASCAL (N/m²) ainsi que ses multiples et sous-multiples. [...] Une unité souvent employée est le millibar, sous-multiple du bar (système MTS), ainsi que le torr ou millimètre de mercure, unité ancienne rencontrée. Les météorologistes sont passés du millibar à l'hectopascal. 1 torr (mm Hg) = 133 Pa; 1 mbar = 100 Pa = 1 hPa.

OBS

millibar : Ancienne unité de pression [atmosphérique] valant un millième de bar, remplacée [officiellement depuis 1986] par l'hectopascal.

OBS

Un millibar (mbar) vaut 10-3 bar, soit 10³, soit 0,750062 mm de mercure normal.

OBS

L'hectopascal [...] est l'équivalent d'un millibar dans le système CGS.

OBS

millibar, mb : terme et abréviation uniformisés par le Comité d'uniformisation de la terminologie aéronautique (CUTA) - Opérations aériennes.

OBS

hectopascal; hPa : terme et abréviation uniformisés par l'Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale (OACI).

Spanish

Campo(s) temático(s)
  • Metrología y unidades de medida
  • Meteorología
  • Transporte aéreo
DEF

Unidad de presión del sistema SI, igual a 102 Pa.

OBS

hectopascal: Equivale a un milibar en el sistema CGS.

OBS

hectopascal; hPa: término y abreviatura aceptados oficialmente por la Organización de Aviación Civil Internacional (OACI).

Save record 1

Copyright notice for the TERMIUM Plus® data bank

© Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2020
TERMIUM Plus®, the Government of Canada's terminology and linguistic data bank
A product of the Translation Bureau

Features

Language Portal of Canada

Access a collection of Canadian resources on all aspects of English and French, including quizzes.

Writing tools

A collection of writing tools that cover the many facets of English and French grammar, style and usage.

Glossaries and vocabularies

Access Translation Bureau glossaries and vocabularies.

Date Modified: