This section covers some relatively tricky points that are no longer standard in spoken English, although many people still insist upon them in formal writing.
|Three craftspeople—Mary, Albert and he—made the accessory for Jerry.||The phrase Mary, Albert and he is in apposition to craftspeople, the subject of the sentence.|
|The accessory was made by three craftspeople, Mary, Albert and him.||The phrase Mary, Albert and him is still in apposition to the noun craftspeople, but that noun has become the object of the preposition by, so the pronoun him is in the object case.|
|The three craftspeople involved were Mary, Albert and he.||The pronoun he is part of the subject complement, so it is in the subject case.|
A first-person plural pronoun used with a noun takes the case of the noun. If the noun functions as a subject, the pronoun should be in the subject case; if the noun functions as an object, the pronoun should be in the object case:
In elliptical comparisons (where the writer has left some words out of a sentence), the case of the pronoun at the end of the sentence determines its meaning. When a sentence ends with a subjective pronoun, the pronoun must serve as the subject of the omitted verb. When a sentence ends with an objective pronoun, the pronoun must serve as the object of the omitted verb:
© Department of English, Faculty of Arts, University of Ottawa, 2014