TERMIUM Plus®

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FUSED-SALT ELECTROLYSIS [1 record]

Record 1 2016-03-07

English

Subject field(s)
  • Mineral Processing (Metallurgy)
  • Electrolytical Processes (Metallurgy)
  • Electrochemistry
DEF

Electrolysis with use of purified fused salts as raw material and as an electrolyte.

CONT

Fused-salt electrolysis. Aluminum, barium, beryllium, cerium and misch metal, fluorine, lithium, magnesium, sodium, molybdenum, thorium, titanium, uranium, and zirconium are obtained by electrolysis of fused salts, because water interferes with the desired reaction. Raw materials must all be purified before addition to fused-salt cells, because purification of the electrolyte is not economical as in aqueous electrolytes.

Key term(s)
  • electrolysis of molten salts
  • molten-salts electrolysis

French

Domaine(s)
  • Minéralurgie (Métallurgie)
  • Électrolyse (Métallurgie)
  • Électrochimie
CONT

L'électrolyse ignée consiste en la décomposition électrolytique de mélanges souvent complexes de sels fondus. Les molécules des sels sont dissociées en ions, les ions métal allant à la cathode (...). Cette technique est à la base des métallurgies de l'aluminium, du magnésium, des métaux alcalins et alcalino-terreux, des alliages de bore, etc. Suivant le cas, les électrodes peuvent être en carbone très pur ou en métal; la cuve sert souvent d'anode ou de cathode.

Spanish

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