The Government of Canada’s terminology and linguistic data bank.


Record 1 1997-04-15


Subject field(s)
  • Ecosystems

The connected water, soil, sediment, air, and other physical elements within which all organisms evolved.


Biodiversity's "abiotic," "non-living", "inorganic" and inanimate matrix is inseparable from, encapsulating of all organisms, shaping their form, structure, behaviour, communications, life histories, etc. The components of the matrix are: water (made possible all aquatic life and determined their forms and other characteristics), air (made possible: flying birds, lungs, leaves, communications, etc.), soil (made possible: roots, microflora and fauna, etc.), sediment (made possible all organisms that live in sediments), limestone and other biotic rocks (makes mollusc shells, bones, etc.), minerals, nutrients, (essential for animal blood; plant food).


  • Écosystèmes

La matrice essentielle de la biodiversité. La matrice «abiotique, «non vivante», «inorganique» et «inanimée» de la biodiversité est indissociable de l'ensemble des organismes, rend leur existence possible et les englobe. Elle en détermine la forme, la structure,le comportement, les modes de communication, les cycles vitaux, etc. Voici les éléments de cette matrice : l'eau (qui a rendu possibles les organismes aquatiques, dont elle détermine la forme et les autre caractéristiques); l'air (qui a rendu possibles les oiseaux volants, les poumons, les feuilles, les communications, etc.


Save record 1

Copyright notice for the TERMIUM Plus® data bank

© Public Works and Government Services Canada, 2021
TERMIUM Plus®, the Government of Canada's terminology and linguistic data bank
A product of the Translation Bureau


Language Portal of Canada

Access a collection of Canadian resources on all aspects of English and French, including quizzes.

Writing tools

The Language Portal’s writing tools have a new look! Easy to consult, they give you access to a wealth of information that will help you write better in English and French.

Glossaries and vocabularies

Access Translation Bureau glossaries and vocabularies.

Date Modified: