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learning by examples [2 records]

Record 1 - external organization data 2006-02-01

English

Subject field(s)
  • Compartment - ISO/IEC JTC 1 Information Technology Vocabulary
Universal entry(ies)
31.03.12 (2382)
ISO/IEC standard entry number
DEF

inductive learning of concepts by inferring a general concept description from examples and, optionally, from counterexamples of that concept

OBS

Learning from noisy or incompletely defined examples is an advanced form of learning from examples.

OBS

learning from examples; example-based learning; instance-based learning: terms and definition standardized by ISO/IEC [ISO/IEC 2382-31:1997].

French

Domaine(s)
  • Tiroir - ISO/CEI JTC 1 Vocabulaire des technologies de l'information
Entrée(s) universelle(s)
31.03.12 (2382)
ISO/IEC standard entry number
DEF

apprentissage inductif de concepts qui procède en inférant une description de concept à partir d'exemples et, éventuellement, de contre-exemples du concept

OBS

L'apprentissage à partir d'exemples bruités ou incomplètement définis est une des formes évoluées d'apprentissage par exemples.

OBS

apprentissage par exemples : terme et définition normalisés par l'ISO/CEI [ISO/IEC 2382-31:1997].

Spanish

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Record 2 2005-07-27

English

Subject field(s)
  • Artificial Intelligence
DEF

Inferring a general concept description from examples and optionally, counterexamples, of that concept. A form of inductive learning.

CONT

Example-driven Learning. Alternatively, students can be presented with tutorial demonstrations for solving example problems by simply asking the system to reason out loud about a given circuit using its present, qualitative, causal mode. Students can thus hear explanations of how to solve each type of problem in the series, followed by opportunities to solve similar problems. Since the focus is on presenting examples together with explanations prior to practice in problem solving, we term this learning strategy "example-driven".

CONT

Teachers and students alike agree that one of the best kinds of learning is learning by example. The best teachers do not present more facts and directions to students, but motivate their presentations by supplying illustrative examples for each concept to be learned.

French

Domaine(s)
  • Intelligence artificielle
DEF

Stratégie d'apprentissage dans laquelle le système présente d'abord à l'apprenant des exemples de problèmes et la façon de les résoudre, avant de le laisser se mesurer à des exercices.

CONT

L'apprentissage empirique de concept par exemples consiste à élaborer une caractérisation générale d'un concept à partir de descriptions d'exemples et de contre-exemples de ce concept, en appliquant des règles d'inférence inductive et sans utiliser de connaissances spécifiques au domaine.

CONT

L'apprentissage par des exemples [...]. Celui qui apprend doit généraliser à partir d'exemples, qui sont d'habitude préparés par un enseignant. C'est la forme la plus activement étudiée d'apprentissage automatique.

Spanish

Campo(s) temático(s)
  • Inteligencia artificial
CONT

Existen varios métodos para realizar aprendizaje mecánico; como son: el aprendizaje basado en ejemplos (a partir de muchos ejemplos se obtiene la capacidad de decidir cuándo un caso es o no un ejemplo del concepto aprendido) y el aprendizaje basado en generalización (con un ejemplo y usando conocimiento sobre el dominio se induce una regla general, o sea, se construye una formulación general del concepto a aprender).

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