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Turkmen, Turcoman

Turkmen, also called Turkoman or Turcoman, is a language spoken mostly in Turkmenistan. Turkmen was once written in the Arabic alphabet, then in Cyrillic. Now, writers of Turkmen are adopting a modified Roman alphabet similar to Turkish characters.

  • It is easier for western visitors to read signs written in Turkmen now that it uses a familiar alphabet.

A native or inhabitant of Turkmenistan is called a Turkmen; the plural is Turkmens. The corresponding adjective is Turkmen.

  • Turkmens are proud of their traditional breed of horses, the Akhal-Teke.
  • Turkmen rugs and carpets are prized for their rich colours and thick pile.