Public Works and Government Services Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Institutional Links

 

Important notice

Good news! We have updated our writing tools. Writing Tips and The Canadian Style have been combined to create a new tool called Writing Tips Plus.

Don’t forget to update your bookmarks. Within a few weeks, Writing Tips will no longer be available.

Search Canada.ca
To begin your search, go to the alphabetical index below and click on the first letter of the word you are searching for.

by reason of the fact that, by virtue of the fact that

To write more concisely, use the conjunction because to replace the wordy expression by reason of the fact that or by virtue of the fact that.

  • Wordy: Jackie couldn’t finish the yard work by reason of the fact that it rained all weekend.
  • Concise: Jackie couldn’t finish the yard work because it rained all weekend.
  • Wordy: By virtue of the fact that the meeting ended early, Chris was able to get in a game of golf.
  • Concise: Because the meeting ended early, Chris was able to get in a game of golf.