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Important notice

Good news! We have updated our writing tools. Writing Tips and The Canadian Style have been combined to create a new tool called Writing Tips Plus.

Don’t forget to update your bookmarks. Within a few weeks, Writing Tips will no longer be available.

To begin your search, go to the alphabetical index below and click on the first letter of the word you are searching for.

virtue, by virtue of, in virtue of

The idiom by virtue of means “because of” or “on account of. ” The synonymous expression in virtue of is antiquated and found mostly in legal writing.

To write plainly, replace these expressions with because of, on account of or on the basis of.

  • Because of (not by virtue of) their experience and knowledge of the issues, three research scientists were appointed to the committee.
  • Corona was invited to join the yacht club on the basis of (not by virtue of) her mother’s standing as a founding member.