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Important notice

Good news! We have updated our writing tools. Writing Tips and The Canadian Style have been combined to create a new tool called Writing Tips Plus.

Don’t forget to update your bookmarks. Within a few weeks, Writing Tips will no longer be available.

To begin your search, go to the alphabetical index below and click on the first letter of the word you are searching for.

bibliographies: titles

Transcribe the title as it appears on the title page; the original capitalization and punctuation need not be retained. Italicize titles of published works such as books or periodicals:

  • Horsman, Jenny. "Something in My Mind Besides the Everyday": Women and
    Literacy in Nova Scotia.
    Toronto: Women’s Press, 1990.

Smaller work within a larger one

If the work being listed is published within another document (for example, an article published in a periodical), set the title off in quotation marks:

  • Clement, Lesley D. "Artistry in Mavis Gallant’s ‘Green Water, Green Sky’: The Composition of Structure, Pattern, and Gyre." Canadian
     129 (Summer 1991), pp. 57–73.

Bilingual titles

If the title is in two or more languages, transcribe the titles as they appear, separating them with an oblique (/) and a space on each side of the oblique:

  • The Future of Canadian Programming and the Role of Private Television:
    Keeping Canada on the Information Highway / L’avenir des émissions
    canadiennes et le rôle de la télévision privée : Maintien du Canada sur
    l’autoroute électronique.
    Report to the Minister of Canadian Heritage.
    March 1995.


Any subtitle should follow the title after a colon and a space. If the title and subtitle are italicized, so is the colon:

  • Schwartz, Ellen. Born a Woman: Seven Canadian Singer-Songwriters.
    Vancouver: Polestar Press, 1988.