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Writing Tips has been archived and won’t be updated before it is permanently deleted.

For the most up-to-date content, please consult Writing Tips Plus, which combines content from Writing Tips and The Canadian Style. And don’t forget to update your bookmarks!

To begin your search, go to the alphabetical index below and click on the first letter of the word you are searching for.

include, comprise

Include refers to only part of a whole and suggests that the list that follows is incomplete.

  • This chili recipe, which calls for seven different spices, includes cumin and oregano.
  • This year my students are studying several planets, including Mars, Venus and Earth.

Comprise refers to all elements or components; it indicates that the list is complete.

  • Canada comprises (is made up of) ten provinces and three territories.